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CentOS 7 OpenVPN 脚本

 ·  ☕ 8 分钟  ·  ✍ CNSRE

文章链接

为了避免数据库服务器等内网应用资源暴露到公网中,打算利用VPN 技术实现链接到内网。
本文主要介绍CentOS 7 服务器上安装与配置OpenVPN服务器,以及如何编写客户端连接到新建立的OpenVPN服务器上所需的配置文件

OpenVPN的介绍

OpenVPN是一个开源的应用程序,它允许您通过公共互联网创建一个安全的专用网络。OpenVPN实现一个虚拟专用网(VPN)来创建一个安全连接。OpenVPN使用OpenSSL库提供加密,它提供了几种身份验证机制,如基于证书的、预共享密钥和用户名/密码身份验证。

openvpn 有两种模式

数据包(TUN模式)或数据帧(TAP模式)

  • TUN模式:TUN模拟了网络层设备,第三层数据包如IP封包,底层数据隧道数据
  • TAP模式等同于一个设备,第二操作层数据包如扩展数据帧,创建一个相对桥接接,复杂T

接口接口的好处可见,客户端优化VPN服务子网的IP(忽然忽隐忽现)物理上的区别,可以完全将客户端看做完全与VPN服务器相关的时间,而TUN接口下所有的客户端则出现一个独立的子网内,与VPN服务器相关的子网没有关系,这种使用比较好,和公司的网络区分开,完全是一个虚拟的网络

脚本内容

openvpn 一键安装脚本

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#!/bin/bash
#
# https://github.com/Nyr/openvpn-install
#
# Copyright (c) 2013 Nyr. Released under the MIT License.


# Detect Debian users running the script with "sh" instead of bash
if readlink /proc/$$/exe | grep -q "dash"; then
	echo 'This installer needs to be run with "bash", not "sh".'
	exit
fi

# Discard stdin. Needed when running from an one-liner which includes a newline
read -N 999999 -t 0.001

# Detect OpenVZ 6
if [[ $(uname -r | cut -d "." -f 1) -eq 2 ]]; then
	echo "The system is running an old kernel, which is incompatible with this installer."
	exit
fi

# Detect OS
# $os_version variables aren't always in use, but are kept here for convenience
if grep -qs "ubuntu" /etc/os-release; then
	os="ubuntu"
	os_version=$(grep 'VERSION_ID' /etc/os-release | cut -d '"' -f 2 | tr -d '.')
	group_name="nogroup"
elif [[ -e /etc/debian_version ]]; then
	os="debian"
	os_version=$(grep -oE '[0-9]+' /etc/debian_version | head -1)
	group_name="nogroup"
elif [[ -e /etc/centos-release ]]; then
	os="centos"
	os_version=$(grep -oE '[0-9]+' /etc/centos-release | head -1)
	group_name="nobody"
elif [[ -e /etc/fedora-release ]]; then
	os="fedora"
	os_version=$(grep -oE '[0-9]+' /etc/fedora-release | head -1)
	group_name="nobody"
else
	echo "This installer seems to be running on an unsupported distribution.
Supported distributions are Ubuntu, Debian, CentOS, and Fedora."
	exit
fi

if [[ "$os" == "ubuntu" && "$os_version" -lt 1804 ]]; then
	echo "Ubuntu 18.04 or higher is required to use this installer.
This version of Ubuntu is too old and unsupported."
	exit
fi

if [[ "$os" == "debian" && "$os_version" -lt 9 ]]; then
	echo "Debian 9 or higher is required to use this installer.
This version of Debian is too old and unsupported."
	exit
fi

if [[ "$os" == "centos" && "$os_version" -lt 7 ]]; then
	echo "CentOS 7 or higher is required to use this installer.
This version of CentOS is too old and unsupported."
	exit
fi

# Detect environments where $PATH does not include the sbin directories
if ! grep -q sbin <<< "$PATH"; then
	echo '$PATH does not include sbin. Try using "su -" instead of "su".'
	exit
fi

if [[ "$EUID" -ne 0 ]]; then
	echo "This installer needs to be run with superuser privileges."
	exit
fi

if [[ ! -e /dev/net/tun ]] || ! ( exec 7<>/dev/net/tun ) 2>/dev/null; then
	echo "The system does not have the TUN device available.
TUN needs to be enabled before running this installer."
	exit
fi

new_client () {
	# Generates the custom client.ovpn
	{
	cat /etc/openvpn/server/client-common.txt
	echo "<ca>"
	cat /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/pki/ca.crt
	echo "</ca>"
	echo "<cert>"
	sed -ne '/BEGIN CERTIFICATE/,$ p' /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/pki/issued/"$client".crt
	echo "</cert>"
	echo "<key>"
	cat /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/pki/private/"$client".key
	echo "</key>"
	echo "<tls-crypt>"
	sed -ne '/BEGIN OpenVPN Static key/,$ p' /etc/openvpn/server/tc.key
	echo "</tls-crypt>"
	} > ~/"$client".ovpn
}

if [[ ! -e /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf ]]; then
	clear
	echo 'Welcome to this OpenVPN road warrior installer!'
	# If system has a single IPv4, it is selected automatically. Else, ask the user
	if [[ $(ip -4 addr | grep inet | grep -vEc '127(\.[0-9]{1,3}){3}') -eq 1 ]]; then
		ip=$(ip -4 addr | grep inet | grep -vE '127(\.[0-9]{1,3}){3}' | cut -d '/' -f 1 | grep -oE '[0-9]{1,3}(\.[0-9]{1,3}){3}')
	else
		number_of_ip=$(ip -4 addr | grep inet | grep -vEc '127(\.[0-9]{1,3}){3}')
		echo
		echo "Which IPv4 address should be used?"
		ip -4 addr | grep inet | grep -vE '127(\.[0-9]{1,3}){3}' | cut -d '/' -f 1 | grep -oE '[0-9]{1,3}(\.[0-9]{1,3}){3}' | nl -s ') '
		read -p "IPv4 address [1]: " ip_number
		until [[ -z "$ip_number" || "$ip_number" =~ ^[0-9]+$ && "$ip_number" -le "$number_of_ip" ]]; do
			echo "$ip_number: invalid selection."
			read -p "IPv4 address [1]: " ip_number
		done
		[[ -z "$ip_number" ]] && ip_number="1"
		ip=$(ip -4 addr | grep inet | grep -vE '127(\.[0-9]{1,3}){3}' | cut -d '/' -f 1 | grep -oE '[0-9]{1,3}(\.[0-9]{1,3}){3}' | sed -n "$ip_number"p)
	fi
	# If $ip is a private IP address, the server must be behind NAT
	if echo "$ip" | grep -qE '^(10\.|172\.1[6789]\.|172\.2[0-9]\.|172\.3[01]\.|192\.168)'; then
		echo
		echo "This server is behind NAT. What is the public IPv4 address or hostname?"
		# Get public IP and sanitize with grep
		get_public_ip=$(grep -m 1 -oE '^[0-9]{1,3}(\.[0-9]{1,3}){3}$' <<< "$(wget -T 10 -t 1 -4qO- "http://ip1.dynupdate.no-ip.com/" || curl -m 10 -4Ls "http://ip1.dynupdate.no-ip.com/")")
		read -p "Public IPv4 address / hostname [$get_public_ip]: " public_ip
		# If the checkip service is unavailable and user didn't provide input, ask again
		until [[ -n "$get_public_ip" || -n "$public_ip" ]]; do
			echo "Invalid input."
			read -p "Public IPv4 address / hostname: " public_ip
		done
		[[ -z "$public_ip" ]] && public_ip="$get_public_ip"
	fi
	# If system has a single IPv6, it is selected automatically
	if [[ $(ip -6 addr | grep -c 'inet6 [23]') -eq 1 ]]; then
		ip6=$(ip -6 addr | grep 'inet6 [23]' | cut -d '/' -f 1 | grep -oE '([0-9a-fA-F]{0,4}:){1,7}[0-9a-fA-F]{0,4}')
	fi
	# If system has multiple IPv6, ask the user to select one
	if [[ $(ip -6 addr | grep -c 'inet6 [23]') -gt 1 ]]; then
		number_of_ip6=$(ip -6 addr | grep -c 'inet6 [23]')
		echo
		echo "Which IPv6 address should be used?"
		ip -6 addr | grep 'inet6 [23]' | cut -d '/' -f 1 | grep -oE '([0-9a-fA-F]{0,4}:){1,7}[0-9a-fA-F]{0,4}' | nl -s ') '
		read -p "IPv6 address [1]: " ip6_number
		until [[ -z "$ip6_number" || "$ip6_number" =~ ^[0-9]+$ && "$ip6_number" -le "$number_of_ip6" ]]; do
			echo "$ip6_number: invalid selection."
			read -p "IPv6 address [1]: " ip6_number
		done
		[[ -z "$ip6_number" ]] && ip6_number="1"
		ip6=$(ip -6 addr | grep 'inet6 [23]' | cut -d '/' -f 1 | grep -oE '([0-9a-fA-F]{0,4}:){1,7}[0-9a-fA-F]{0,4}' | sed -n "$ip6_number"p)
	fi
	echo
	echo "Which protocol should OpenVPN use?"
	echo "   1) UDP (recommended)"
	echo "   2) TCP"
	read -p "Protocol [1]: " protocol
	until [[ -z "$protocol" || "$protocol" =~ ^[12]$ ]]; do
		echo "$protocol: invalid selection."
		read -p "Protocol [1]: " protocol
	done
	case "$protocol" in
		1|"") 
		protocol=udp
		;;
		2) 
		protocol=tcp
		;;
	esac
	echo
	echo "What port should OpenVPN listen to?"
	read -p "Port [1194]: " port
	until [[ -z "$port" || "$port" =~ ^[0-9]+$ && "$port" -le 65535 ]]; do
		echo "$port: invalid port."
		read -p "Port [1194]: " port
	done
	[[ -z "$port" ]] && port="1194"
	echo
	echo "Select a DNS server for the clients:"
	echo "   1) Current system resolvers"
	echo "   2) Google"
	echo "   3) 1.1.1.1"
	echo "   4) OpenDNS"
	echo "   5) Quad9"
	echo "   6) AdGuard"
	read -p "DNS server [1]: " dns
	until [[ -z "$dns" || "$dns" =~ ^[1-6]$ ]]; do
		echo "$dns: invalid selection."
		read -p "DNS server [1]: " dns
	done
	echo
	echo "Enter a name for the first client:"
	read -p "Name [client]: " unsanitized_client
	# Allow a limited set of characters to avoid conflicts
	client=$(sed 's/[^0123456789abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ_-]/_/g' <<< "$unsanitized_client")
	[[ -z "$client" ]] && client="client"
	echo
	echo "OpenVPN installation is ready to begin."
	# Install a firewall in the rare case where one is not already available
	if ! systemctl is-active --quiet firewalld.service && ! hash iptables 2>/dev/null; then
		if [[ "$os" == "centos" || "$os" == "fedora" ]]; then
			firewall="firewalld"
			# We don't want to silently enable firewalld, so we give a subtle warning
			# If the user continues, firewalld will be installed and enabled during setup
			echo "firewalld, which is required to manage routing tables, will also be installed."
		elif [[ "$os" == "debian" || "$os" == "ubuntu" ]]; then
			# iptables is way less invasive than firewalld so no warning is given
			firewall="iptables"
		fi
	fi
	read -n1 -r -p "Press any key to continue..."
	# If running inside a container, disable LimitNPROC to prevent conflicts
	if systemd-detect-virt -cq; then
		mkdir /etc/systemd/system/openvpn-server@server.service.d/ 2>/dev/null
		echo "[Service]
LimitNPROC=infinity" > /etc/systemd/system/openvpn-server@server.service.d/disable-limitnproc.conf
	fi
	if [[ "$os" = "debian" || "$os" = "ubuntu" ]]; then
		apt-get update
		apt-get install -y openvpn openssl ca-certificates $firewall
	elif [[ "$os" = "centos" ]]; then
		yum install -y epel-release
		yum install -y openvpn openssl ca-certificates tar $firewall
	else
		# Else, OS must be Fedora
		dnf install -y openvpn openssl ca-certificates tar $firewall
	fi
	# If firewalld was just installed, enable it
	if [[ "$firewall" == "firewalld" ]]; then
		systemctl enable --now firewalld.service
	fi
	# Get easy-rsa
	easy_rsa_url='https://github.com/OpenVPN/easy-rsa/releases/download/v3.0.8/EasyRSA-3.0.8.tgz'
	mkdir -p /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/
	{ wget -qO- "$easy_rsa_url" 2>/dev/null || curl -sL "$easy_rsa_url" ; } | tar xz -C /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/ --strip-components 1
	chown -R root:root /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/
	cd /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/
	# Create the PKI, set up the CA and the server and client certificates
	./easyrsa init-pki
	./easyrsa --batch build-ca nopass
	EASYRSA_CERT_EXPIRE=3650 ./easyrsa build-server-full server nopass
	EASYRSA_CERT_EXPIRE=3650 ./easyrsa build-client-full "$client" nopass
	EASYRSA_CRL_DAYS=3650 ./easyrsa gen-crl
	# Move the stuff we need
	cp pki/ca.crt pki/private/ca.key pki/issued/server.crt pki/private/server.key pki/crl.pem /etc/openvpn/server
	# CRL is read with each client connection, while OpenVPN is dropped to nobody
	chown nobody:"$group_name" /etc/openvpn/server/crl.pem
	# Without +x in the directory, OpenVPN can't run a stat() on the CRL file
	chmod o+x /etc/openvpn/server/
	# Generate key for tls-crypt
	openvpn --genkey --secret /etc/openvpn/server/tc.key
	# Create the DH parameters file using the predefined ffdhe2048 group
	echo '-----BEGIN DH PARAMETERS-----
MIIBCAKCAQEA//////////+t+FRYortKmq/cViAnPTzx2LnFg84tNpWp4TZBFGQz
+8yTnc4kmz75fS/jY2MMddj2gbICrsRhetPfHtXV/WVhJDP1H18GbtCFY2VVPe0a
87VXE15/V8k1mE8McODmi3fipona8+/och3xWKE2rec1MKzKT0g6eXq8CrGCsyT7
YdEIqUuyyOP7uWrat2DX9GgdT0Kj3jlN9K5W7edjcrsZCwenyO4KbXCeAvzhzffi
7MA0BM0oNC9hkXL+nOmFg/+OTxIy7vKBg8P+OxtMb61zO7X8vC7CIAXFjvGDfRaD
ssbzSibBsu/6iGtCOGEoXJf//////////wIBAg==
-----END DH PARAMETERS-----' > /etc/openvpn/server/dh.pem
	# Generate server.conf
	echo "local $ip
port $port
proto $protocol
dev tun
ca ca.crt
cert server.crt
key server.key
dh dh.pem
auth SHA512
tls-crypt tc.key
topology subnet
server 10.8.0.0 255.255.255.0" > /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
	# IPv6
	if [[ -z "$ip6" ]]; then
		echo 'push "redirect-gateway def1 bypass-dhcp"' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
	else
		echo 'server-ipv6 fddd:1194:1194:1194::/64' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
		echo 'push "redirect-gateway def1 ipv6 bypass-dhcp"' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
	fi
	echo 'ifconfig-pool-persist ipp.txt' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
	# DNS
	case "$dns" in
		1|"")
			# Locate the proper resolv.conf
			# Needed for systems running systemd-resolved
			if grep -q '^nameserver 127.0.0.53' "/etc/resolv.conf"; then
				resolv_conf="/run/systemd/resolve/resolv.conf"
			else
				resolv_conf="/etc/resolv.conf"
			fi
			# Obtain the resolvers from resolv.conf and use them for OpenVPN
			grep -v '^#\|^;' "$resolv_conf" | grep '^nameserver' | grep -oE '[0-9]{1,3}(\.[0-9]{1,3}){3}' | while read line; do
				echo "push \"dhcp-option DNS $line\"" >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
			done
		;;
		2)
			echo 'push "dhcp-option DNS 8.8.8.8"' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
			echo 'push "dhcp-option DNS 8.8.4.4"' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
		;;
		3)
			echo 'push "dhcp-option DNS 1.1.1.1"' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
			echo 'push "dhcp-option DNS 1.0.0.1"' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
		;;
		4)
			echo 'push "dhcp-option DNS 208.67.222.222"' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
			echo 'push "dhcp-option DNS 208.67.220.220"' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
		;;
		5)
			echo 'push "dhcp-option DNS 9.9.9.9"' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
			echo 'push "dhcp-option DNS 149.112.112.112"' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
		;;
		6)
			echo 'push "dhcp-option DNS 94.140.14.14"' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
			echo 'push "dhcp-option DNS 94.140.15.15"' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
		;;
	esac
	echo "keepalive 10 120
cipher AES-256-CBC
user nobody
group $group_name
persist-key
persist-tun
verb 3
crl-verify crl.pem" >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
	if [[ "$protocol" = "udp" ]]; then
		echo "explicit-exit-notify" >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
	fi
	# Enable net.ipv4.ip_forward for the system
	echo 'net.ipv4.ip_forward=1' > /etc/sysctl.d/99-openvpn-forward.conf
	# Enable without waiting for a reboot or service restart
	echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
	if [[ -n "$ip6" ]]; then
		# Enable net.ipv6.conf.all.forwarding for the system
		echo "net.ipv6.conf.all.forwarding=1" >> /etc/sysctl.d/99-openvpn-forward.conf
		# Enable without waiting for a reboot or service restart
		echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv6/conf/all/forwarding
	fi
	if systemctl is-active --quiet firewalld.service; then
		# Using both permanent and not permanent rules to avoid a firewalld
		# reload.
		# We don't use --add-service=openvpn because that would only work with
		# the default port and protocol.
		firewall-cmd --add-port="$port"/"$protocol"
		firewall-cmd --zone=trusted --add-source=10.8.0.0/24
		firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port="$port"/"$protocol"
		firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=trusted --add-source=10.8.0.0/24
		# Set NAT for the VPN subnet
		firewall-cmd --direct --add-rule ipv4 nat POSTROUTING 0 -s 10.8.0.0/24 ! -d 10.8.0.0/24 -j SNAT --to "$ip"
		firewall-cmd --permanent --direct --add-rule ipv4 nat POSTROUTING 0 -s 10.8.0.0/24 ! -d 10.8.0.0/24 -j SNAT --to "$ip"
		if [[ -n "$ip6" ]]; then
			firewall-cmd --zone=trusted --add-source=fddd:1194:1194:1194::/64
			firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=trusted --add-source=fddd:1194:1194:1194::/64
			firewall-cmd --direct --add-rule ipv6 nat POSTROUTING 0 -s fddd:1194:1194:1194::/64 ! -d fddd:1194:1194:1194::/64 -j SNAT --to "$ip6"
			firewall-cmd --permanent --direct --add-rule ipv6 nat POSTROUTING 0 -s fddd:1194:1194:1194::/64 ! -d fddd:1194:1194:1194::/64 -j SNAT --to "$ip6"
		fi
	else
		# Create a service to set up persistent iptables rules
		iptables_path=$(command -v iptables)
		ip6tables_path=$(command -v ip6tables)
		# nf_tables is not available as standard in OVZ kernels. So use iptables-legacy
		# if we are in OVZ, with a nf_tables backend and iptables-legacy is available.
		if [[ $(systemd-detect-virt) == "openvz" ]] && readlink -f "$(command -v iptables)" | grep -q "nft" && hash iptables-legacy 2>/dev/null; then
			iptables_path=$(command -v iptables-legacy)
			ip6tables_path=$(command -v ip6tables-legacy)
		fi
		echo "[Unit]
Before=network.target
[Service]
Type=oneshot
ExecStart=$iptables_path -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 10.8.0.0/24 ! -d 10.8.0.0/24 -j SNAT --to $ip
ExecStart=$iptables_path -I INPUT -p $protocol --dport $port -j ACCEPT
ExecStart=$iptables_path -I FORWARD -s 10.8.0.0/24 -j ACCEPT
ExecStart=$iptables_path -I FORWARD -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
ExecStop=$iptables_path -t nat -D POSTROUTING -s 10.8.0.0/24 ! -d 10.8.0.0/24 -j SNAT --to $ip
ExecStop=$iptables_path -D INPUT -p $protocol --dport $port -j ACCEPT
ExecStop=$iptables_path -D FORWARD -s 10.8.0.0/24 -j ACCEPT
ExecStop=$iptables_path -D FORWARD -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT" > /etc/systemd/system/openvpn-iptables.service
		if [[ -n "$ip6" ]]; then
			echo "ExecStart=$ip6tables_path -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s fddd:1194:1194:1194::/64 ! -d fddd:1194:1194:1194::/64 -j SNAT --to $ip6
ExecStart=$ip6tables_path -I FORWARD -s fddd:1194:1194:1194::/64 -j ACCEPT
ExecStart=$ip6tables_path -I FORWARD -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
ExecStop=$ip6tables_path -t nat -D POSTROUTING -s fddd:1194:1194:1194::/64 ! -d fddd:1194:1194:1194::/64 -j SNAT --to $ip6
ExecStop=$ip6tables_path -D FORWARD -s fddd:1194:1194:1194::/64 -j ACCEPT
ExecStop=$ip6tables_path -D FORWARD -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT" >> /etc/systemd/system/openvpn-iptables.service
		fi
		echo "RemainAfterExit=yes
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target" >> /etc/systemd/system/openvpn-iptables.service
		systemctl enable --now openvpn-iptables.service
	fi
	# If SELinux is enabled and a custom port was selected, we need this
	if sestatus 2>/dev/null | grep "Current mode" | grep -q "enforcing" && [[ "$port" != 1194 ]]; then
		# Install semanage if not already present
		if ! hash semanage 2>/dev/null; then
			if [[ "$os_version" -eq 7 ]]; then
				# Centos 7
				yum install -y policycoreutils-python
			else
				# CentOS 8 or Fedora
				dnf install -y policycoreutils-python-utils
			fi
		fi
		semanage port -a -t openvpn_port_t -p "$protocol" "$port"
	fi
	# If the server is behind NAT, use the correct IP address
	[[ -n "$public_ip" ]] && ip="$public_ip"
	# client-common.txt is created so we have a template to add further users later
	echo "client
dev tun
proto $protocol
remote $ip $port
resolv-retry infinite
nobind
persist-key
persist-tun
remote-cert-tls server
auth SHA512
cipher AES-256-CBC
ignore-unknown-option block-outside-dns
block-outside-dns
verb 3" > /etc/openvpn/server/client-common.txt
	# Enable and start the OpenVPN service
	systemctl enable --now openvpn-server@server.service
	# Generates the custom client.ovpn
	new_client
	echo
	echo "Finished!"
	echo
	echo "The client configuration is available in:" ~/"$client.ovpn"
	echo "New clients can be added by running this script again."
else
	clear
	echo "OpenVPN is already installed."
	echo
	echo "Select an option:"
	echo "   1) Add a new client"
	echo "   2) Revoke an existing client"
	echo "   3) Remove OpenVPN"
	echo "   4) Exit"
	read -p "Option: " option
	until [[ "$option" =~ ^[1-4]$ ]]; do
		echo "$option: invalid selection."
		read -p "Option: " option
	done
	case "$option" in
		1)
			echo
			echo "Provide a name for the client:"
			read -p "Name: " unsanitized_client
			client=$(sed 's/[^0123456789abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ_-]/_/g' <<< "$unsanitized_client")
			while [[ -z "$client" || -e /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/pki/issued/"$client".crt ]]; do
				echo "$client: invalid name."
				read -p "Name: " unsanitized_client
				client=$(sed 's/[^0123456789abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ_-]/_/g' <<< "$unsanitized_client")
			done
			cd /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/
			EASYRSA_CERT_EXPIRE=3650 ./easyrsa build-client-full "$client" nopass
			# Generates the custom client.ovpn
			new_client
			echo
			echo "$client added. Configuration available in:" ~/"$client.ovpn"
			exit
		;;
		2)
			# This option could be documented a bit better and maybe even be simplified
			# ...but what can I say, I want some sleep too
			number_of_clients=$(tail -n +2 /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/pki/index.txt | grep -c "^V")
			if [[ "$number_of_clients" = 0 ]]; then
				echo
				echo "There are no existing clients!"
				exit
			fi
			echo
			echo "Select the client to revoke:"
			tail -n +2 /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/pki/index.txt | grep "^V" | cut -d '=' -f 2 | nl -s ') '
			read -p "Client: " client_number
			until [[ "$client_number" =~ ^[0-9]+$ && "$client_number" -le "$number_of_clients" ]]; do
				echo "$client_number: invalid selection."
				read -p "Client: " client_number
			done
			client=$(tail -n +2 /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/pki/index.txt | grep "^V" | cut -d '=' -f 2 | sed -n "$client_number"p)
			echo
			read -p "Confirm $client revocation? [y/N]: " revoke
			until [[ "$revoke" =~ ^[yYnN]*$ ]]; do
				echo "$revoke: invalid selection."
				read -p "Confirm $client revocation? [y/N]: " revoke
			done
			if [[ "$revoke" =~ ^[yY]$ ]]; then
				cd /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/
				./easyrsa --batch revoke "$client"
				EASYRSA_CRL_DAYS=3650 ./easyrsa gen-crl
				rm -f /etc/openvpn/server/crl.pem
				cp /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/pki/crl.pem /etc/openvpn/server/crl.pem
				# CRL is read with each client connection, when OpenVPN is dropped to nobody
				chown nobody:"$group_name" /etc/openvpn/server/crl.pem
				echo
				echo "$client revoked!"
			else
				echo
				echo "$client revocation aborted!"
			fi
			exit
		;;
		3)
			echo
			read -p "Confirm OpenVPN removal? [y/N]: " remove
			until [[ "$remove" =~ ^[yYnN]*$ ]]; do
				echo "$remove: invalid selection."
				read -p "Confirm OpenVPN removal? [y/N]: " remove
			done
			if [[ "$remove" =~ ^[yY]$ ]]; then
				port=$(grep '^port ' /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf | cut -d " " -f 2)
				protocol=$(grep '^proto ' /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf | cut -d " " -f 2)
				if systemctl is-active --quiet firewalld.service; then
					ip=$(firewall-cmd --direct --get-rules ipv4 nat POSTROUTING | grep '\-s 10.8.0.0/24 '"'"'!'"'"' -d 10.8.0.0/24' | grep -oE '[^ ]+$')
					# Using both permanent and not permanent rules to avoid a firewalld reload.
					firewall-cmd --remove-port="$port"/"$protocol"
					firewall-cmd --zone=trusted --remove-source=10.8.0.0/24
					firewall-cmd --permanent --remove-port="$port"/"$protocol"
					firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=trusted --remove-source=10.8.0.0/24
					firewall-cmd --direct --remove-rule ipv4 nat POSTROUTING 0 -s 10.8.0.0/24 ! -d 10.8.0.0/24 -j SNAT --to "$ip"
					firewall-cmd --permanent --direct --remove-rule ipv4 nat POSTROUTING 0 -s 10.8.0.0/24 ! -d 10.8.0.0/24 -j SNAT --to "$ip"
					if grep -qs "server-ipv6" /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf; then
						ip6=$(firewall-cmd --direct --get-rules ipv6 nat POSTROUTING | grep '\-s fddd:1194:1194:1194::/64 '"'"'!'"'"' -d fddd:1194:1194:1194::/64' | grep -oE '[^ ]+$')
						firewall-cmd --zone=trusted --remove-source=fddd:1194:1194:1194::/64
						firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=trusted --remove-source=fddd:1194:1194:1194::/64
						firewall-cmd --direct --remove-rule ipv6 nat POSTROUTING 0 -s fddd:1194:1194:1194::/64 ! -d fddd:1194:1194:1194::/64 -j SNAT --to "$ip6"
						firewall-cmd --permanent --direct --remove-rule ipv6 nat POSTROUTING 0 -s fddd:1194:1194:1194::/64 ! -d fddd:1194:1194:1194::/64 -j SNAT --to "$ip6"
					fi
				else
					systemctl disable --now openvpn-iptables.service
					rm -f /etc/systemd/system/openvpn-iptables.service
				fi
				if sestatus 2>/dev/null | grep "Current mode" | grep -q "enforcing" && [[ "$port" != 1194 ]]; then
					semanage port -d -t openvpn_port_t -p "$protocol" "$port"
				fi
				systemctl disable --now openvpn-server@server.service
				rm -rf /etc/openvpn/server
				rm -f /etc/systemd/system/openvpn-server@server.service.d/disable-limitnproc.conf
				rm -f /etc/sysctl.d/99-openvpn-forward.conf
				if [[ "$os" = "debian" || "$os" = "ubuntu" ]]; then
					apt-get remove --purge -y openvpn
				else
					# Else, OS must be CentOS or Fedora
					yum remove -y openvpn
				fi
				echo
				echo "OpenVPN removed!"
			else
				echo
				echo "OpenVPN removal aborted!"
			fi
			exit
		;;
		4)
			exit
		;;
	esac
fi

安装使用

1
wget https://git.io/vpn -O openvpn-install.sh && bash openvpn-install.sh

运行结束以后,就可以添加、删除用户了。
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